Gidon Kremer

Gidon Kremer, Photo: Knud Rauff
Of all the world's leading violinists, Gidon Kremer has perhaps had the most unconventional career. Born in Riga, Latvia, he began studying the violin at the age of four with his father and grandfather, who were both distinguished string players. At the age of seven, he entered Riga Music School. At sixteen he was awarded the first Prize of the Latvian Republic and two years later he began his studies with David Oistrakh at the Moscow Conservatory. He went on to win prestigious awards including the 1967 Queen Elizabeth Competition and the first prize in both the Paganini and Tchaikovsky International Competitions.

This success launched Gidon Kremer's distinguished career, in the course of which he has established a world-wide reputation as one of the most original and compelling artists of his generation. He has appeared on virtually every major concert stage with the most celebrated orchestras of Europe and America. Also he has collaborated with today's foremost conductors, including Leonard Bernstein, Herbert von Karajan, Christoph Eschenbach, Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Lorin Maazel, Riccardo Muti, Zubin Mehta, James Levine, Valery Gergiev, Claudio Abbado and Sir Neville Marriner among others.

Gidon Kremer's repertoire is unusually extensive, encompassing all of the standard classical and romantic violin works, as well as music by twentieth century masters such as Henze, Berg and Stockhausen. He also championed the works of living Russian and Eastern European composers and has performed many important new compositions, several of them dedicated to him. He has become associated with such diverse composers as Alfred Schnittke, Arvo Pärt, Giya Kancheli, Sofia Gubaidulina, Valentin Silvestrov, Luigi Nono, Aribert Reimann, Peteris Vasks, John Adams and Astor Piazzolla, bringing their music to audiences in a way that respects tradition yet remains contemporary. It would be fair to say that no other soloist of his international stature has done as much for contemporary composers in the past 30 years.

An exceptionally prolific recording artist, Gidon Kremer has made more than 100 albums, many of which brought him prestigious international awards and prizes in recognition of his exceptional interpretative powers. These include the "Grand Prix du Disque", "Deutscher Schallplattenpreis", the "Ernst-von-Siemens Musikpreis", the "Bundesverdienstkreuz", the "Premio dell'Accademia Musicale Chigiana", the "Triumph Prize 2000" (Moscow) and in 2001 the "Unesco Prize". In February 2002 he and the Kremerata Baltica were awarded with the Grammy for the Nonesuch recording "After Mozart" in the category "Best small Ensemble Performance". The same recording received Germany's ECHO prize in 2002.

In 1981 Mr. Kremer founded Lockenhaus, an intimate chamber music festival that continues to take place every summer in Austria. In 1997, he founded the Kremerata Baltica chamber orchestra to foster outstanding young musicians from the three Baltic States. Since then, Mr. Kremer has been touring extensively with the orchestra, appearing at the world's most prestigious festivals and concert halls. He has also recorded a number of CDs with the orchestra for Teldec, Nonesuch and Deutsche Grammophon. From 2002-2006, Gidon Kremer was the artistic leader of a new festival in Basel, Switzerland, "les muséiques".

Gidon Kremer is in addition a gifted writer. He is the author of four books in German that reflect his artistic philosophy: Oase Lockenhaus: 15 Jahre Kammermusikfest Kremerata Musica 1981-1996, (Residenz Verlag GmbH, 1996), Kindheitssplitter (Piper Verlag GmbH, 1997), Obertöne (Residenz Verlag, 1997) and Zwischen Welten: Mit 25 Abbildungen (Piper Verlag GmbH, 2004). Kindheitssplitter has been translated in Russian, Latvian, French and Japanese.

Gidon Kremer plays a "Nicola Amati", dated from 1641. He is also the author of three books, published in German, which reflect his artistic pursuits.

Gidon Kremer's records -

Gidon Kremer's books -

"Kremerata Baltica"

Violin I
Dzeraldas Bidva (LT)
Madara Petersone (LV)
Dainius Peseckas (LT)
Ruta Lipinaityte (LT)
Sanita Zarina (LV)
Madara Jaugiete (LV)

Violin II

Dainius Puodziukas (LT)
Andrei Vaļigura (EE)
Marie Helen Rannat (EE)
Simona Venslovaite (LT)
Konstantins Paturskis (LV)
Migle Marija Serapinaite (LT)


Santa Vizine (LV)
Ingars Girnis (LV)      
Vidas Vekerotas (LT)
Zita Zemovica (LV)


Giedre Dirvanauskaite (LT)
Ruta Tamutyte (LT)
Peteris Cirksis (LV)

Double bass

Oskars Bokanovs (LV)


Andrei  Pushkarev (LV)

Photo © Christian Lutz


In 1997, Austria’s legendary Lockenhaus Chamber Music Festival was witness to a small revolution when, beside many distinguished musicians, the violinist Gidon Kremer presented a brand new orchestra: Kremerata Baltica, comprising 23 young players from Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. From their very first concert, the Kremerata Baltica conquered the discerning audience, injecting new blood into the Festival with their exuberance, energy and joy in playing.

An educational project with a long-term vision, Kremerata Baltica was Kremer’s 50th birthday present to himself: a way of passing on his wisdom to young colleagues from the Baltic states while making no compromises on artistic standards as he nurtured and inspired musical life in the region.

The talented group of musicians developed in a few years into one of the best international chamber orchestras in the world and has cemented its international reputation in major concert venues around the world. Kremerata Baltica has played in the last 13 years in more than 50 countries, performing in 600 cities and given around 1000 concerts in Japan, Australia, the United States, Latin America, Russia and all around Europe. It has released more than 20 CDs and has won the Grammy Award in 2002, the ECHO prize in 2002 and the Praemium Imperiale Grant for Young Artists in 2009.

The orchestra is supported by the governments of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Its members, all outstanding musical personalities, are selected through a rigorous auditioning process and play as a stable ensemble.

Among the celebrated soloists with whom Kremerata Baltica has played are soprano Jessye Norman, pianists Mikhail Pletnev, Evgeny Kissin and Oleg Maisenberg; violinists Thomas Zehetmair and Vadim Repin; and cellists Boris Pergamenshikov and Yo Yo Ma. Conductors have included Sir Simon Rattle, Esa-Pekka Salonen, Christoph Eschenbach, Kent Nagano, Heinz Holliger and Vladimir Ashkenazy. Each of these musicians has contributed to shaping the chamber orchestra.

Essential to Kremerata Baltica’s artistic personality is its creative approach to programming, which often looks beyond the mainstream and has given rise to numerous world premieres of works by composers such as Kancheli, Vasks, Desyatnikov and Raskatov. The orchestra’s wide-ranging and carefully chosen repertoire is also showcased in its numerous and much-praised CD recordings, such as “Eight Seasons”, pairing Vivaldi’s set of concertos with Piazzolla’s Argentinian sequence, and “Silencio”, compositions by contemporary composers: Pärt, Glass and Martynov. “After Mozart”, a 21st century take on the composer, won an internationally coveted Grammy Award, while “Mozart’s Five Violin Concertos”, recorded live at the Salzburg Festival in 2006 during the composer’s 200th anniversary celebrations, have been released on the Nonesuch label.

Latest CD releases by Kremerata Baltica are the “Mozart Concertos No. 20 & 27” with Gidon Kremer and “De profundis” featuring Evgeny Kissin.